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ABA Terms

ABA Terms

Antecedent: Something that occurs in the environment right before the behavior of study. Behavior: Any observable and recordable action by a subject. Consequence: The result of the behavior. Positive: When an environmental condition is added to a situation. Negative: When an environmental condition is removed from a situation. Reinforcement: When a behavior has increased due to the positive or negative […]

Extinction

Extinction

Extinction: When an observed behavior goes away entirely because of the reinforcement procedure that has been applied to the situation.  An extinction burst, occurs when the reinforcement that caused a behavior has been removed, initially there will be an increase in the observed behavior.  This is an attempt of the subject to try to obtain the motivational operant by causing […]

Ivan Pavlov

Ivan Pavlov

Ivan Pavlov’s work is also important to the field of ABA.  He worked in the late 1800s to early 1900s in the field of classical conditioning (FK-13-14).  Classical conditioning is the process of pairing an unconditioned response with a conditioned response.  In the case of Pavlov, he paired the unconditioned response of a bell sound with the conditioned response of […]

B. F. Skinner

B. F. Skinner

Skinner used operant conditioning, which uses the consequences of behavior to shape future behavior.  In his work with pigeons in 1963, he taught them to either turn around or peck a plate in a cage in order to receive food.  In this case, he used their behavior based on the visual cue caused a treat to be produced which reinforced […]

What is ABA anyway?

ABA stands for Applied Behavior Analysis.  It is the science dedicated to improving human behavior by using the scientific method to analyze behavioral interventions and determining their effectiveness in improving behaviors of social significance.   It uses the basic principle of reinforcement in order to increase desirable behaviors.  The function of detrimental behaviors is analyzed and more beneficial behaviors are taught […]