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Premack Principle (Grandma’s Law)

Premack Principle (Grandma’s Law)

The Premack Principle is also known as “Gradmas’s Law.” Parents (and Grandmas) use it naturally all the time. It is the principle that offering something that happens often in a free operant situation to be contingent upon something else that happens with low frequency. So, for example, “You can watch television after you have finished your homework.” Or, “You can […]

Selectionism (Phylogenic, Ontogenic, Cultural)

Selectionism (Phylogenic, Ontogenic, Cultural)

B. F. Skinner said that there are 3 ways that the environment can apply itself upon a living being:  Phylogenic, Ontogenic and Cultural. Phylogenic:  Natural evolution of a species (aka Darwinism).  By a natural process of survival characteristics, each generation is passed characteristics by its predecessors.  Phylogenics is a discipline in biology that is the study of the evolutionary history […]

Lawfulness of Behavior

Lawfulness of Behavior

The application of behavioral techniques requires that the practitioner subscribe to a deterministic philosophy that behavior in and of itself is lawful. (FK-01)  The lawful nature of behavior means that all behavior is caused by environmental, external events and is entirely predictable.  This means that behavior in the world has a cause and is not by accident.  Behavior is not […]

Extinction

Extinction

Extinction: When an observed behavior goes away entirely because of the reinforcement procedure that has been applied to the situation.  An extinction burst, occurs when the reinforcement that caused a behavior has been removed, initially there will be an increase in the observed behavior.  This is an attempt of the subject to try to obtain the motivational operant by causing […]