B. F. Skinner said that there are 3 ways that the environment can apply itself upon a living being: Phylogenic, Ontogenic and Cultural.
Phylogenic: Natural evolution of a species (aka Darwinism). By a natural process of survival characteristics, each generation is passed characteristics by its predecessors. Phylogenics is a discipline in biology that is the study of the evolutionary history of groups of organisms
Ontogenic: This refers to an how the environment changes an individual over his or her lifetime.