web analytics

Schools of Behaviorism

Methodological Behaviorism S-O-R Stimulus organism variable response Occurs in response to stimuli in the physical environment as mediated through presumed internal processes according to an S-O-R model of psychology.  Methodological behaviorists believe that human behavior results from the action of presumed organic variables that determines how a person responds to external stimuli. According to Methodological Behaviorism, talking is an overt […]

Measurement of Time

Latency:  The time from the presentation of a stimulus to the start of the behavior Duration:  The time from the start of a behavior to the completion of the behavior Inter Response Time: Time from the end of a response to the beginning of the next response

Interval Recording

Time Sampling: Refers to a variety of methods to record behavior at specific moments.  One divides the observation period into intervals and then record either the presence or absence of a behavior within or at the end of the interval. Partial Interval Recording: Record whether the behavior happened at any time during the interval.  Tends to underestimate high-frequency behavior and […]

Standard Celeration Charts

Standard Celeration Charts

The standard celeration chart is a method of charting and analyzing changes over time.  Ogden Lindsely invented this charting technique in the 1960s.  The are 4 different types of charts which scale across the horizontal axis.  There is the daily (140 calendar days), weekly, monthly and yearly charts.  The daily chart is the one that is most often used in […]

Response-Deprivation Hypothesis

Response-Deprivation Hypothesis

The term “response-deprivation hypothesis” refers to a model for predicting whether or not one behavior will function as a reinforcement for another behavior. Restricting access to the one behavior would create a state of deprivation for access to that behavior which creates a situation where access to the deprived behavior acts as a potential reinforcer if the baseline data indicates […]

Matching-to-Sample

Matching-to-Sample

Matching to Sample in ABA refers to a procedure where a stimulus is presented and taught to match a secondary stimulus (such as the word “car” and a picture of a car).  When the two stimulus are correctly matched, a reinforcer is given to increase future likelihood  of the simulus matching to occur again. Reflexive is also called identity matching.  […]

Attitudes of Science

Attitudes of Science

ABA is a science of behavior and scientists have a set of “attitudes” that follow: Determinism Scientists presume that the world is a lawful place where events occur because of other events that present in the environment.  Things do not happen haphazardly in the universe.  Instead, things happen because of a consequence of other events happening.  There is a natural […]

Behavioral Contrast

Behavioral Contrast

Behavioral contrast occurs in a multiple schedule of reinforcement or punishment and describes what happens when a change in the schedule of one part of the reinforcement or punishment changes a behavior in an opposite direction in the other component of the schedule. An example from Applied Behavior Analysis given is that of a child who eats cookies at the […]

Echoics, Mands, Tacts

Echoics, Mands, Tacts

The Echoic is a verbal operant that is present when a person verbally repeats what another person says.  Echoic is a point-to-point correspondence meaning that the verbal stimulus and response products match in entirety. Motor imitation is related to echoics and can be a stepping stone to learning echoic behavior.  Echoics are a precursor to other verbal operants, such as […]

7 Dimensions of ABA

7 Dimensions of ABA

G-E-T A C-A-B Generality is that the behavior carries over into other contexts other than just the training environment Effective is clinically significant effects make a meaningful difference Technological is replicatable or described in precise terms for replication Analytic is that a functional relation exists Conceptually systematic is describing in the language of ABA Applied is socially significant Behavioral is […]